A wide spectrum of structurally disparate inhalational anesthetics reduce brain synaptic plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) activity, whereas phospholipid methyltransferase I (PLMTI) is enhanced by anesthetics. Several rat models with incidental or disease-induced reduction of PMCA and enhancement of PLMTI activities manifest increased sensitivity to inhalational anesthetics. Because insulin is known to stimulate PMCA, anesthetic requirements in hyperinsulinemic obese Zucker rats (fa/fa) and in normoinsulinemic lean Zucker heterozygotes (fa/+) were examined, and brain synaptic PMCA and PLMTI activities were determined in both genotypes. Significantly higher partial pressures of halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, and desflurane were required to inhibit the pain response in obese rats compared to lean Zucker rats. Dose dependent stimulation of PMCA pumping was observed in synaptic membranes from both types, but insulin concentrations in extracts of diencephalon-mesencephalon, cerebellum, and medulla (but not cortex) were higher in obese than in lean Zucker rats. Microdialysis of three subcortical regions showed marked increases in insulin levels with halothane exposure in obese rats, compared to lean controls. These observations in an anesthetic resistant rat model lend further support to the hypothesis that the calcium pump plays a functional role in production of the anesthetic state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)