Increased Scholarly Activity: A Benefit of 4-Year Family Medicine Residencies

John F. Sullivan, James W. Keck, Mark B. Stephens, Tara A. O'Connell, Dustin K. Smith, Kristian E. Sanchack, Robert P. Lennon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The optimal length of Family Medicine Residency is unknown. As part of the American Board of Family Medicine 4-year Length of Training (LoT) pilot project, Naval Hospital Jacksonville (NHJ) maintained a dual-track 3- and 4-year Family Medicine Residency, graduating seven 4-year residents over consecutive 4 years of the LoT program. One measure of success regarding the impact of 4-year residents on program outcomes is scholarly output during residency. Materials and Methods: Cumulative scholarly activity points are tracked for all NHJ residents. Cumulative scholarly activity points, points per year per, and raw percentile USMLE/COMLEX scores from academic years 2016-17 to 2019-20 were compared between PGY3 and PGY4 graduates using one-way ANOVA to 95% confidence with post hoc Tukey honestly significant difference pairwise comparison to evaluate pairwise significance between groups where multi-group differences were found. Results: During the 2016-17 through 2019-20 academic years, NHJ had 28 residents complete 3 years of training without interruption (3 Years), 11 residents complete 3 years of training interrupted by general medical officer tours (Resiterns), and 7 residents complete 4 years of training without interruption (4 Years). There were no significant differences in average raw USMLE and COMLEX scores between 3 Year (71%), Resitern (68%), and 4 Year (76%) residents (P=.335). 4-Year residents had significantly more cumulative scholarly points (103) than 3-Year residents (32.6, P < .001) and Resiterns (18.7, P < .001) and also had more cumulative scholarly points per year of residency (27.8) than 3-Year residents (9.8, P < .001) and Resiterns (7.0, P < .001). Conclusions: An observed benefit of a 4-year Family Medicine Residency was a marked increase in scholarly output at this program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E479-E483
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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