We reviewed 52 children with ureteroceles in an effort to evaluate the various facets of this disorder that influenced our surgical management. There were 12 single system ureteroceles and 40 duplex system ureteroceles. Total reconstruction was performed in 16 duplex system and 8 single system ureteroceles, of which 88 per cent required no further surgery. Upper pole heminephrectomy or ureteropyelostomy with partial ureterectomy was performed in 22 patients with duplex system ureteroceles with the goal of obviating lower tract surgery, of whom 12 (55 per cent) required subsequent surgery. In 6 patients, 4 with single system and 2 with duplex system ureteroceles transurethral incision of the ureterocele was the initial procedure with the expectation that improvement in function and hydronephrosis would facilitate subsequent lower tract surgery. Two of these patients required subsequent reconstruction. Recommendations regarding management are based on initial pathological condition, patient age and the presence of a single or duplex system ureterocele.
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