Inducibility of various cytochrome p450 isozymes by phenobarbital and some other xenobiotics in drosophila melanogaster

Serge Yu Fuchs, Vladimir S. Spiegelman, Gennady A. Belitsky

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24 Scopus citations


The inducibility of cytochrome P450 isozymes has been investigated in the Drosophila melanogaster insecticide susceptible (Oregon R) and insecticide resistant (91R) strains. Both the level and induction kinetics of 7-ethoxycoumarine O-deethylase activity were stimulated by phenobarbital (PB) to a lower extent than that of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in the Oregon R strain. The basal level of the cytochrome P450-linked activities in insecticide resistant flies was higher than that noted in susceptible ones. However, treatment with PB has increased levels of 7-ethoxycoumarine O-deethylase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities more in susceptible flies than in resistant ones. in contrast to PB, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon benzo[a]pyrene induced both activities in 91R flies to a greater extent than in Oregon R ones. The potent PB-like inducer in mice but not in rats 1.4-bis[2-(dichloropyridyloxy)]-benzene failed to induce the cytochrome P450 system in D. melanogaster, when triphenyldioxane (PB-like inducer in rats but not in mice) markedly affected this system in a PB-like manner. The SDS-PAGE followed by immunoblotting analysis using monoclonal antibodies 13-2e and 8-1d have shown that the level of the 56,000 and 54,000 Da insecticide resistance-related forms has increased in the susceptible strain by PB and some other PB like inducers. The relationship between these isozymes appearance and 7-ethoxycoumarine O-deethylase activity has been discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1867-1873
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 18 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology


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