Inducing rigid local structure around the zinc-binding region by hydrophobic interactions enhances the homotrimerization and apoptotic activity of zinc-free TRAIL

Hyun Wook Lee, Tae In Kim, Khon Huynh Chan, Myung Hee Kwon, Jeong Sun Kim, Moonsoo Jin, Yong Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), existing as homotrimer in solution, contains a unique zinc-binding site coordinated by three Cys230 residues at the tip of trimeric interface. TRAIL mutant with replacements of Cys230 with Ala (TRAILC230A) negligibly formed trimeric structure and showed no apoptotic activity. Here, to elucidate the relationship between the trimeric stability and the apoptotic activity of TRAILC230A, we rationally designed mutations to induce homotrimerization of TRAILC230A by substituting for the three residues involved in hydrogen bonding (Tyr183 and Tyr243) and putative repulsive electrostatic (Arg227) interactions at the buried trimeric interface into hydrophobic residues, like Y183F, Y243F, and R227I. The TRAILC230A-derived mutants exhibited enhanced homotrimerization, but only the mutants containing R227I exhibited significant apoptosis-inducing activity in cancer cells. These results, together with the induction of rigid local structure around the zinc-binding region by R227I in TRAILC230A, suggest that ordered, rigid structure around the zinc-binding region is critical for the homotrimerization and apoptotic activity of TRAIL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)766-772
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume362
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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