Inference in models with partially identified control functions

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In multiple contributions to the literature, James L. Powell and coauthors have developed estimators for semiparametric models where sample selectivity and/or endogeneity can be handled through a “control function”. Their methods rely on pairwise comparisons of observations which match (asymptotically) the control functions. Conditional on this matching, a moment condition can identify the parameters of the model. However, there exist instances where the control functions are unobserved, but we have bounds for them which depend on observable covariates. These bounds can arise directly from the nature of the data available (e.g, with interval data), or they can be derived from an economic model. The inability to observe the control functions precludes the matching proposed in Powell's methods. In this paper we show that, under certain conditions, testable implications can still be obtained through pairwise comparisons of observations for which the control-function bounds are disjoint. Testable implications now take the form of pairwise functional inequalities. We propose an inferential procedure based on these pairwise inequalities and we analyze its properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105553
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Applied Mathematics

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