The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) are unknown, but one hypothesis is that they are mediated by the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARα). In this work, the effect of dietary CLA on body weight gain, body composition, serum lipids and tissue specific PPAR target gene expression was examined in PPARα-null mice. Male wild-type or PPARα-null mice were fed either a control diet or one containing 0.5% CLA for a period of 4 weeks. Weight gain in wild-type and PPARα-null mice fed CLA was similar, and significantly less than controls. Whole body fat content was lower in wild-type and PPARα-null mice while whole body protein content was increased in both genotypes fed CLA compared to controls. Serum triglycerides were lowered in both genotypes as a result of dietary CLA. While CLA feeding resulted in specific activation of PPARα in liver, alterations in liver, adipose and muscle mRNAs were also found that were independent of PPARα genotype including those encoding uncoupling proteins (UCPs), mitochondrial fatty acid oxidizing enzymes, and fatty acid transporter. These results demonstrate that despite specific activation of PPARα-dependent gene expression, the influence of CLA on body composition appears to be independent of PPARα. Further, CLA causes increased levels of mRNAs encoding lipid metabolizing and mitochondrial uncoupling proteins that likely contribute to the mechanisms underlying reduced fat/increased lean body mass resulting from consumption of dietary CLA.
|Number of pages
|Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
|Published - Oct 31 2001
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology