Influence of construction joint and bridge geometry on integral abutment bridges

Wooseok Kim, Jeffrey A. Laman, Farzin Zareian, Geunhyung Min, Do Hyung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Although integral abutment bridges (IABs) have become a preferred construction choice for short-to medium-length bridges, they still have unclear bridge design guidelines. As IABs are supported by nonlinear boundaries, bridge geometric parameters strongly affect IAB behavior and complicate predicting the bridge response for design and assessment purposes. This study demon-strates the effect of four dominant parameters: (1) girder material, (2) bridge length, (3) backfill height, and (4) construction joint below girder seats on the response of IABs to the rise and fall of AASHTO extreme temperature with time-dependent effects in concrete materials. The effect of fac-tors influencing bridge response, such as (1) bridge construction timeline, (2) concrete thermal ex-pansion coefficient, (3) backfill stiffness, and (4) pile-soil stiffness, are assumed to be constant. To compare girder material and bridge geometry influence, the study evaluates four critical superstructure and substructure response parameters: (1) girder axial force, (2) girder bending moment, (3) pile moment, and (4) pile head displacement. All IAB bridge response values were strongly related to the four considered parameters, while they were not always linearly proportional. Pre-stressed concrete (PSC) bridge response did not differ significantly from the steel bridge response. Forces and moments in the superstructure and the substructure induced by thermal movements and time-dependent loads were not negligible and should be considered in the design process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5031
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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