Influence of Hydrotropes on the Solubilities and Diffusivities of Redox-Active Organic Compounds for Aqueous Flow Batteries

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Abstract

In this study, we explored the extent to which hydrotropes can be used to increase the aqueous solubilities of redox-active compounds previously used in flow batteries. We measured how five hydrotropes influenced the solubilities of five redox-active compounds already soluble in aqueous electrolytes (≥0.5 M). The solubilities of the compounds varied as a function of hydrotrope type and concentration, with larger solubility changes observed at higher hydrotrope concentrations. 4-OHO underwent the largest solubility increase (1.18 ± 0.04 to 1.99 ± 0.12 M) in 20 weight percent sodium xylene sulfonate. The presence of a hydrotrope in solution decreased the diffusion coefficients of 4-OHO and 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzenedisulfonate, which was likely due to the increased solution viscosity as opposed to a specific hydrotrope-solute interaction because the hydrotropes did not alter their molecules' hydraulic radii. The standard rate constants and formal potentials of both 4-OHO and 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzenedisulfonate remained largely unchanged in the presence of a hydrotrope. The results suggest that using hydrotropes may be a feasible strategy for increasing the solubilities of redox-active compounds in aqueous flow batteries without substantially altering their electrochemical properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30800-30810
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Volume6
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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