Influence of particle size on powder rheology and effects on mass flow during directed energy deposition additive manufacturing

A. D. Iams, M. Z. Gao, A. Shetty, T. A. Palmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metal powders used in directed energy deposition additive manufacturing are subjected to particle-particle and particle-gas interactions not captured through traditional powder characterization. Variations in powder performance were identified through mass flow rate measurements of lean (UNS S32101), standard (UNS S32205), and super (UNS S32750) duplex stainless steel powders specified for directed energy deposition on three commercial powder feeders. Across these different systems, the lean grade consistently displayed the lowest mass flow rates. Differences between the three powders were only identified with advanced powder and rheological characterization tools, which linked particle characteristics and rheological properties to powder flow and performance. A slight shift to a larger size distribution in the lean grade produced a higher percentage of larger particles with higher masses that resisted motion and increased flow resistance. Higher flow resistance was captured through higher cohesion strength and fluidization measurements during rheological testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-326
Number of pages11
JournalPowder Technology
Volume396
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering

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