Purpose: Cancer survivors experience a worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL) than non-cancer survivors. However, it is not fully understood whether social determinants of health (SDOH) and health behaviors are significantly associated with HRQoL among cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of SDOH and health behaviors on HRQoL among cancer survivors. Methods: We identified adult (18 years or older) cancer survivors (n = 5784) in the 2017 and 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The primary outcome (HRQoL) was defined as whether cancer survivors reported having poor mental or physical health (e.g., 14 or more mentally or physically unhealthy days). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression was used to compute the odds ratios and 95% CIs of factors associated with poor HRQoL among the cancer survivors. Results: More than half of the cancer survivors were non-Hispanic White, female, and 65 years or older. In the adjusted multivariable logistic regression models, cancer survivors who were physically active and who did not avoid care because of costs had a lower risk of poor mental and physical health. Current smokers were more likely to report poor physical health. Homeowners were less likely to report poor mental health. Daily fruit and vegetable consumption and healthcare coverage were not associated with poor HRQoL. Conclusions: Some SDOH (healthcare access, economic stability, and the neighborhood and built environment) and health behavior (physical activity) are associated with lower likelihood of experiencing poor mental and/or physical health in the cancer survivors. The study findings can be used to target survivors who experience suboptimal HRQoL and to inform research, public health policies, and/or programs.
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