Influence of solution concentration and salt types on the performance of reverse electrodialysis cells

Xiuping Zhu, Weihua He, Bruce E. Logan

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84 Scopus citations


The influence of salt concentrations on the performance of reverse electrodialysis (RED) stacks has rarely been investigated using thermolytic salts such as NH4HCO3, that can be regenerated using waste heat and can be set at any desired concentration below saturation limits. Here, power densities produced by a RED stack were first investigated using different NaCl concentrations, and then tested using NH4HCO3. The power produced by the RED stack increased with NaCl concentrations from 0.6M to 3.6M in the HC (high concentration) solution, but it did not increase at higher salt concentrations due to limited ion exchange membrane capacity. NaCl concentrations larger than 0.14M in the LC (low concentration) solution decreased power primarily as a result of lower salinity ratios (<25). However, LC concentrations up to 0.14M NaCl did not appreciably affect power output due to a trade-off between decreased internal resistances with higher solution conductivities and lower salinity ratios. Power densities using NH4HCO3 solutions were slightly lower on the basis of identical molar concentrations, but similar on the basis of matched solution conductivities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
StatePublished - Nov 5 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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