Influence of terrorism risk on foreign tourism decisions

Sevil F. Sönmez, Alan R. Graefe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

739 Scopus citations


This study explored relationships between selected factors and several key stages of the international vacation tourism decision-making process. A theoretical framework of vacation decisions involving terrorism risk served as the foundation for the analysis. Eight independent variables were examined, including international travel experience, risk perception level, international travel attitude, age, gender, education, income and presence of children in household. Dependent variables were three key stages of the decision-making process, including the general decision to travel internationally versus domestically, the extent of information search and concern for safety in evaluating destination alternatives. A mail survey of international tourists achieved a 48% response rate. Non-response bias was tested with telephone interviews. Data were analyzed using multiple and simple regression. International attitude, risk perception level and income were found to directly influence international vacation destination choice. Touristic experience and education were indirect influences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-144
Number of pages33
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Marketing
  • Business and International Management
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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