Infrared laser diode irradiation has no behavioral or biochemical effect on pain in the sciatic nerve ligation-induced mononeuropathy in rat

Winston C.V. Parris, Piotr K. Janicki, Benjamin W. Johnson, Letha Mathews

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6 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute and repeated (5 days) treatment with various types of infrared (IR) diode lasers and probes (single- vs cluster-beam) on the pain response in rats with peripheral mononeuropathy produced by sciatic nerve ligation. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital, and the mid-thigh was surgically exposed to reveal the sciatic nerve, around which four ligatures were loosely tied. On postoperative day 5, the skin over the sciatic nerve lesion was subjected to a 30-min daily local exposure from a 904-nm IR diode laser (700 Hz, average output power 10 mW) with a single-beam probe, a 830-nm IR diode laser (700 Hz) with either a single-beam (average output power 50 mW) or cluster-beam probe (average output power 15 mW), or placebo for 5 consecutive days. Two pain responses (foot-withdrawal time and the hind-paw elevation time) were measured on both sides using the radiant heat method on days 5 and 9. In addition, cold allodynia was measured on day 9 of treatment by placing the rats on a chilled metal plate (4° C) and measuring the duration of elevation of either of the hind paws. On day 9, the animals were sacrificed for collection of the samples of brain and lumbar spinal cord for the determination of the tissue concentrations of dynorphin A1-8-like immunoactivity (DYN) using specific radioimmunoassay (RIA). The hind-paw withdrawal and elevation times on the right side in all groups subjected to the various methods of IR laser irradiation did not differ significantly as compared with the placebo-treated group when measured on days 5 and 9 after surgery. No statistically significant differences in withdrawal response and elevation time of the unaffected left hind paw were noted either. The measurement of cold allodynia similarly failed to reveal any effect in laser-treated groups versus placebo. The RIA analysis found that tissue concentrations of DYN were significantly elevated in the spinal cord ipsilaterally to the ligation side, as compared with the contralateral side, in all rats with sciatic nerve ligation. All modalities of IR diode laser treatment did not produce any significant difference in the brain and spinal cord level of DYN on postoperative day 9 in all treatment groups. It is concluded that repeated IR diode laser treatment did not reduce hyperalgesia induced by sciatic nerve ligation in rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-99
Number of pages5
JournalAnesthesia Progress
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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