P. Karen Murphy, Ian A.G. Wilkinson, Anna O. Soter, Carla M. Firetto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Discussion is an integral part of our lived experiences. Whether one is sharing a story with a friend, inquiring with the principal about the school’s discipline policy, or debating the reality of the normal distribution with future researchers, individuals are involved in discussion. Discussions in classrooms are fairly open-ended and collaborative episodes of talk among teachers and students, or among students, for the purpose of fostering student thinking, learning, problem-solving, comprehension, or literary appreciation (Wilkinson, 2009). Broadly conceived, classroom discussions can take many forms, including sharing time, content lessons, or even interactions with computers (Cazden and Beck, 2003), and they can involve differing numbers of individuals, such as pairs, small groups, or a whole class, with or without a teacher present (Murphy, Wilkinson, and Soter, 2004).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Learning and Instruction, Second edition
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781317566939
ISBN (Print)9781138831759
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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