Insulin-mediated modulation of cytochrome P450 gene induction profiles in primary rat hepatocyte cultures

Jaspreet S. Sidhu, Curtis J. Omiecinski

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37 Scopus citations


In this investigation, we examined the effects of insulin on gene induction responsiveness in primary rat hepatocytes. Cells were cultured for 72 hours either in the absence or presence of 1 μM insulin and then exposed to increasing concentrations of phenobarbital (PB; 0.01-3.5 mM). Culturing in the absence of insulin produced 1.5-2-fold increases in the induction magnitude of CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 mRNA expression resulting from PB exposures, without altering the bell-shaped dose-response curve characteristic of this agent. However, for the CYP3A1 gene, insulin removal led to a pronounced shift in both the PB-induction magnitude and dose-response relationships of the induction response, with higher levels of CYP3A1 expression resulting from exposures to lower concentrations of inducer. Insulin removal also reduced the time required to attain maximal induction of CYP2B1/2 and CYP3A1 gene expression. The insulin effects were not specific for PB induction, as insulin deprivation similarly enhanced both dexamethasone- and β-naphthof-lavone-inducible CYP3A1 and CYP1A1 expression profiles, respectively. In contrast, the level of albumin mRNA expression was reduced considerably in cells deprived of insulin. We conclude that insulin is an important regulator of inducible and liver-specific gene expression in primary rat hepatocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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