A multicompartmental pharmacokinetic model is presented, which based upon data from a previous study, describes the effects of ethanol (60 m M) on the metabolism of codeine (10 μM) in isolated rat hepatocytes. According to this model, about one third of codeine metabolized was transformed to morphine (13%) and norcodeine (18%), and two-thirds to unknown metabolites in the absence of ethanol. In the presence of ethanol, the apparent first order fractional rate of total codeine metabolism was reduced by 66% (0.0783 vs 0.0271 min-1). There was no alteration in the portion of codeine metabolized to norcodeine, but there was a 44% decrease in the fraction transformed to unknown metabolites and a tripling in the portion transformed to morphine. The fractional rate of codeine O-demethylation to morphine was apparently not sensitive to ethanol. In the absence of ethanol, about two-thirds of morphine was metabolized to morphine-3-glucuronide and the other third to unidentified metabolites. Only the glucuronidation process seemed to be inhibited by ethanol. The fractional rate of further metabolism of norcodeine to normorphine was similar in the absence or presence of ethanol. In conclusion ethanol co-incubation with codeine resulted in an inhibition of codeine conversion to unknown metabolites and norcodeine, and with morphine to morphine-3-glucuronide, but no inhibition in morphine production.
|Number of pages
|European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
|Published - Jul 1986
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)