Interfacial structures and interfacial area transport in downward two-phase bubbly flow

M. Ishii, S. S. Paranjape, S. Kim, X. Sun

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    75 Scopus citations


    An adiabatic, air-water, co-current, vertically downward bubbly flow was studied to gain a better understanding of interfacial structures and flow characteristics. The experimental test sections were round pipes with internal diameters of 25.4 and 50.8 mm. Flow regime map was obtained using characteristic signals obtained from an impedance void meter, and a neural network-based identification methodology to minimize the subjective judgment in determining the flow regimes. A four-sensor conductivity probe was used to measure the local two-phase flow parameters that characterize the interfacial structures. The parameters measured were: void fraction, interfacial area concentration, bubble velocity, and bubble Sauter mean diameter. Furthermore, a laser Doppler anemometer (LDA) system was used to measure local axial liquid velocity and turbulence. The local profiles of these parameters as well as their axial development revealed the nature of the interfacial structures and the bubble interaction mechanisms occurring in the flow. Based on previous study of interfacial area transport for upward flows, the interfacial area transport equation applicable to downward flow was developed with certain modifications in bubble interaction terms.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)779-801
    Number of pages23
    JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
    Issue number7-8 SPEC. ISS.
    StatePublished - Jul 2004

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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