Internalizing and externalizing problems and parenting: Results from a Saudi Arabian sample

Joseph A. Schwartz, Mohammed Said Al-Ghamdi, Ahmed Nezar Kobeisy, Fathiyah H. Alqurashi, Eric J. Connolly, Kevin M. Beaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Relatively few studies have attempted to identify factors that contribute to variation in parental behavior. The literature has revealed associations between both internal and external factors in the variation in parenting behaviors. In addition, the vast majority of the existing literature has focused almost exclusively on Western cultures (e.g., the USA). The current study addresses these limitations by examining direct and indirect pathways involving both internal and external sources of influence on parenting behaviors in a sample of adults from Saudi Arabia (N = 196). The employed statistical models revealed robust and consistent direct associations between the examined internalizing sources of influence (self-control and psychopathy) and parenting behaviors. Subsequent models revealed some evidence of mediation stemming from external sources of influence (namely, aggression). However, the resulting indirect effects were inconsistent, indicating that other, unmeasured mechanisms ultimately connect the examined internalizing problems and parenting behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-275
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Social Welfare
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science


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