Interventions Addressing Cannabis Use During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review

Destin Groff, Pooja Bollampally, Frank Buono, Amy Knehans, Hannah Spotts, Curtis Bone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The prevalence of cannabis use among pregnant women is increasing in the United States and places mothers and infants at risk of multiple adverse health outcomes. Given the uncertainty expressed by providers regarding how to approach cannabis use during pregnancy and the growing need for a systematic endeavor to curb use in this population, the aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of interventions focused on reduction in cannabis use during pregnancy. Methods We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library to identify studies of interventions that target individuals that engaged in cannabis use during pregnancy. We included studies if they were randomized controlled trials, controlled studies, feasibility studies, pilot studies, as well as observational studies. The primary diagnostic outcome of interest is reduction in cannabis use. Results We identified 9 studies for inclusion with sample sizes ranging from 15 to 658 pregnant people. Interventions involved brief counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), motivational interviewing (MI), motivational enhancement therapy + cognitive behavioral therapy (MET-CBT), computer-delivered psychotherapy, and psychoeducation. The interventions that were effective primarily used MI, CBT, and/or MET. There was just 1 study that implemented a home intervention and one that explored computer-based psychotherapy. Conclusions The studies uncovered through this systematic review suggest that interventions involving CBT and/or MI demonstrate promise for decreasing cannabis use during pregnancy. There is a tremendous need for high-quality studies focused on this population, and the potential for remote and computer-based interventions should be explored more fully.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Addiction Medicine
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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