Intestinal fat differentially suppresses sham feeding of different gustatory stimuli

L. A. Foster, K. Nakamura, D. Greenberg, R. Norgren

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To determine the intestinal contribution to short-term satiety for solutions of varying palatability, 10 ml of either 0.15 M NaCl or lipid (Intralipid: 0.125, 0.25, 0,5, and 1.0 kcal/ml) was infused at a rate of 0.5 ml/min into the duodenum of rats that were sham feeding either a liquid diet (0.5 kcal/ml), 0.3 M sucrose (0.4 kcal/ml), or a 0.1 M solution of glucose polymers (Polycose 0.4 kcal/ml). Differences in palatability were estimated by the total consumption of each solution over 90 min in a one-bottle test. The intake of solutions maximally ingested during the saline infusions (Polycose > Sucrose > liquid diet) was the most sensitive to the lipid infusions. All four lipid concentrations suppressed intake of Polycose, the solution consumed the most; the three highest concentrations suppressed retake of sucrose (intermediate consumption), and only the two highest concentrations suppressed intake of the complete diet, the solution consumed the least. Nevertheless, the duration of suppression was shorter fur the solutions the rats drank the most. For the solution the rats drank the least (liquid diet), the two high concentrations of lipid that suppressed intake did so fur the entire experimental period, whereas for Polycose, all lipid infusions suppressed intake, but it recovered to control levels for all but the highest concentration. Other studies have reported that increasing diet palatability shortens the duration of satiety. The current results suggest that this effect may reflect the duration of intake suppression elicited by nutrients in the intestine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1122-R1125
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number5 39-5
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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