Introversion and the frequency and intensity of daily uplifts and hassles

Natasha N. DeMeo, Joshua M. Smyth, Stacey B. Scott, David M. Almeida, Martin J. Sliwinski, Jennifer E. Graham-Engeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: There is reason to believe that introversion may relate to different patterns of negative and positive experiences in everyday life (“hassles” and “uplifts”), but there is little evidence for this based on reports made in daily life as events occur. We thus extend the literature by using data from ecological momentary assessments to examine whether introversion is associated with either the frequency or intensity of hassles and uplifts. Method: Participants (N = 242) were community-dwelling adults (63% Black, 24% Hispanic; ages 25-65; 65% women) who completed baseline measures of personality and mental health, followed by reports of hassles and uplifts 5x/day for 14 days. We present associations between introversion and hassles/uplifts both with and without controlling for mood-related factors (neuroticism, recent symptoms of depression, and anxiety). Results: Introversion was associated with reporting less frequent and less enjoyable uplifts, but not with overall hassle frequency or unpleasantness; exploratory analyses suggest associations with specific types of hassles. Conclusions: Our results expand understanding of the role of introversion in everyday experiences, suggesting an overall association between introversion and uplifts (but not hassles, broadly) in daily life. Better understanding of such connections may inform future research to determine mechanisms by which introversion relates to health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-368
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


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