Introverts and extraverts: Leisure activity behavior in persons with dementia

Ann M. Kolanowski, Kathy C. Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Leisure activity is important to overall life satisfaction in persons with dementia. The personality trait of extraversion defines style of interest as it relates to the amount of social stimulation preferred in leisure activity. In general, extraverts enjoy interacting with people, while introverts prefer more solitary activities. This pilot study was conducted to identify the types of leisure activity and length of time persons with dementia engaged in those activities by personality trait of extraversion. The responsible party for twenty-one elderly veterans, enrolled in a project that tested the effect of activities on sleep, was interviewed to obtain data on the veterans’ personality trait of extraversion. Veterans who were identified as extraverted tended to engage in activities for longer periods of time than introverts. Veterans described as introverted engaged in more one-on-one activities than group activities, but for shorter periods of time than extraverts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalActivities, Adaptation and Aging
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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