Investigating the effect of rejuvenators on low-temperature properties of recycled asphalt using impact resonance test

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Use of recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) in highway construction is highly promoted due to recent awareness in sustainable construction practices. The concerns with material brittleness in utilising higher content of RAP are alleviated through addition of rejuvenators to some extent. Inclusion of rejuvenator to the aged binder improves its flexibility and lessens its cracking potential. A study was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of the impact resonance (IR) testing in determining low-temperature binder properties through mixture testing. To this effect, the presented study consisted of two stages. In stage I, the IR test was conducted on mixes made with different low-temperature grade binders. Stage II consisted of testing pure RAP mixes treated with a rejuvenating agent at different levels using the IR as well as testing blends of recovered RAP binder and rejuvenator and virgin binder using bending beam rheometer (BBR). The IR test was performed at a range of temperatures between −30 and 4°C. The results indicate that the IR test can successfully capture the low-temperature properties of binders in virgin mixes as well as RAP mixes incorporating rejuvenator. A very high linear correlation was observed between stiffness from IR testing of the RAP mix and stiffness from BBR testing of the blend of recovered binder and virgin binder and rejuvenator. A good correlation was also observed between phase angle of RAP mixes obtained from IR with the m-value, a relaxation index, from BBR at a range of temperatures for a given rejuvenator content. The results clearly demonstrate the potential of IR to be used for grading and optimisation for the asphalt binder of RAP and rejuvenator content in lieu of the binder recovery method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1016
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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