Investigation of high frequency (2.45 GHz, 30 GHz) sintering of Pb-based ferroelectrics

Sorah Rhee, Thomas R. Shrout, Guido Link, Manfred Thumm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Microwave sintering of Pb(Zr, Ti)O3, PZT, based ceramics was investigated using multimode heating at 2.45 GHz and 30 GHz and compared to conventional thermal processing. For both PZT-5 and PZT-5H "soft" piezoelectric ceramics, microwave processing resulted in a reduction of sintering temperature by more than 150 K. Of significance to the production of high surface area lead-based components, minimal PbO volatility was detected for samples processed as high as 1200°C. In contrast to conventionally processed PZTs, minimal grain size dependency of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1293
StatePublished - May 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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