Ion conduction in a semicrystalline polyviologen and its polyether mixtures

Minjae Lee, U. Hyeok Choi, Ralph H. Colby, Harry W. Gibson

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12 Scopus citations


Polyviologen (PV) with C6 spacers and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (Tf2N-) anions is a semicrystalline polymer. Its semicrystalline mixtures with 18-crown-6 (18C6), 30-crown-10 (30C10), dibenzo-30-crown-10 (DB30C10), and poly(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether 1000 (PEGDME) are prepared by evaporation of solutions. The ionic conductivities, measured by dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, of all of the mixtures are 10-100× higher than that of PV itself in spite of the fact that the ionic contents are reduced by ≈25%. The room temperature (RT) ionic conductivity of PV is 1.1 × 10-9 S cm -1, and that of its mixture with DB30C10 is over 100-fold higher even though its Tg is slightly above that of PV. The mixtures with 30C10 and PEGDME have similar RT conductivities. However, the 18C6 mixture, in spite of a 9 °C drop in Tg, displays a room temperature (RT) conductivity 10× lower than the other mixtures. Although plasticization probably plays a role, complexation of the polyethers with the viologen units plays a role in the higher conductivities, it is believed, because it increases the fraction of non-ion-paired mobile anions. With 30C10 and DB30C10, polypseudorotaxane formation is envisioned to play a significant role in conductivity enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-349
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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