Is the 2014 E-Rate reform a game changer? An empirical analysis of Pennsylvania data

Jenna Grzeslo, Yang Bai, Bumgi Min, Krishna Jayakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study aims to analyze the impact of the 2014 E-Rate reforms on the pattern of distribution of funds of the program. Design/methodology/approach: Using Pennsylvania data, the paper investigates whether a school district that successfully applied for funding received increased support post-reforms, and what socio-economic characteristics of school districts were associated with successful applications. Furthermore, it asks whether the reforms reduced the barriers that disadvantaged school districts face in obtaining support. Findings: The finding suggests that, even after controlling for changes in the school districts’ eligibility and application skills, the amount of funding committed to the school districts was still significantly higher after the reform. Originality/value: The analysis shows that, immediately after the reform, the non-urban school districts were committed more funding than urban school districts were; they also received more funds than they would have without the reforms. This indicates that the 2014 reform might have benefited disadvantaged applicants, especially rural school districts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-192
Number of pages14
JournalDigital Policy, Regulation and Governance
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 6 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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