Is there a connection between broad absorption line quasars and narrow-line seyfert 1 galaxies?

Dirk Grupe, John A. Nousek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We consider whether broad absorption line quasars (BAL QSOs) and narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) are similar, as suggested by Brandt & Gallagher and Boroson. For this purpose, we constructed a sample of 11 BAL QSOs from existing Chandra and Swift observations. We found that BAL QSOs and NLS1s both operate at high Eddington ratios , although BAL QSOs have slightly lower . BAL QSOs and NLS1s in general have high Fe ii/Hβ and low [O iii]/Hβ ratios following the classic "Boroson & Green" eigenvector 1 relation. We also found that the mass accretion rates of BAL QSOs and NLS1s are more similar than previously thought, although some BAL QSOs exhibit extreme mass accretion rates of more than 10 yr-1. These extreme mass accretion rates may suggest that the black holes in BAL QSOs are relativistically spinning. Black hole masses in BAL QSOs are a factor of 100 larger than NLS1s. From their location on a plot, we find that BAL QSOs contain fully developed black holes. Applying a principal component analysis to our sample, we find eigenvector 1 to correspond to the Eddington ratio , and eigenvector 2 to black hole mass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number85
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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