Mammalian surfactant is an incompletely defined mixture of lipids and associated proteins of molecular mass 35,000 Da and approximately 6,000 Da. Surfactant preparations which are highly effective in treating respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants lack the 35-kDa proteins, but contain the 6-kDa proteins. We isolated and partially sequenced one of these low molecular weight proteins from the lung lavage material of an alveolar proteinosis patient. Oligonucleotides deduced from the sequence were used as probes to isolate a human cDNA clone. The clone codes for a 42-kDa protein which contains the sequence of the 6-kDa protein. Messenger RNA coding for the 42-kDa protein was identified in human lung RNA by in vitro translation and immunoprecipitation of the translation products with an antiserum against purified bovine surfactant 6-kDa proteins. Immunoprecipitation of the 42-kDa primary translation product is inhibited by the presence of the bovine 6-kDa protein. These observations suggest a precursor-product relationship of the 42-kDa protein to one of the 6-kDa proteins.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 1987
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology