Isolation of volatile compounds from solanum aculeastrum (solanaceae)

Srinivas Koduru, O. T. Asekun, D. S. Grierson, A. J. Afolayan

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12 Scopus citations


The GC-MS analyses of the volatile oil obtained by hydrodistillation of the leaves of Solanum aculeastrum yielded 31 volatile compounds, representing 84.5% of the total oil composition. The oil consisted mainly of alkanes (17.5%), aldehydes (17%) and aromatic hydrocarbons (15.2%). The major compounds were n-nonane (12.4%) and o-phthalic acid (11.8%). The hexane fraction of the methanolic extract of the berries of the plant was also subjected to GC-MS analyses, yielding 16 compounds, which accounted for 87.1% of the total volatiles. The fraction was dominated by alkanes/alkenes with undecane (21.7%), tetradecane (10.8%) and tridecane (10.0%) being the most prominent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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