Judgements of others' emotional appropriateness are multidimensional

Leah R. Warner, Stephanie A. Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


This study investigated the multidimensional structure of judgements of emotional appropriateness, the degree to which an observer judges a target's emotion to conform to observer-valued expectations for emotion in that context. Participants (N = 169) were shown one of two brief video clips of an actor either showing anger or neutral expressions in an anger-evoking situation of either low, medium, or high severity. Participants rated the target's emotion on the Perception of Emotion Appropriateness Rating Scale (PEARS), which taps observers' perceptions of a target's emotional appropriateness for a specific situation. We found that appropriateness ratings are comprised of three factors, assessment of Type Present (type of emotion in expression); Type Absent (missing key emotions); and Intensity (intensity with which the emotion is felt or expressed). Results are discussed in terms of the usefulness of a multidimensional conceptualisation of emotional appropriateness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)876-888
Number of pages13
JournalCognition and Emotion
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Judgements of others' emotional appropriateness are multidimensional'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this