Kinetic modeling and techno-economic feasibility of ethanol production from carob extract based medium in biofilm reactor

Mustafa Germec, Irfan Turhan, Mustafa Karhan, Ali Demirci

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24 Scopus citations


In this study, different carob extract-based media containing Medium A (included all ingredients), Medium B (included yeast extract and salts), Medium C (included (NH4)2SO4 and salts), Medium D (included only salts) and Medium E (included no ingredients) were evaluated for ethanol fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a biofilm reactor and their results were used for kinetic modeling. The logistic model for cell growth, Luedeking-Piret model for ethanol production and Modified Luedeking-Piret model for substrate consumption were studied. Kinetic parameters were determined by fitting the observed values of the models. The findings indicated that the predicted data with the suggested kinetic model for each medium fitted very well the experimental data. Estimated kinetics were also in good agreement with experimental kinetics. The techno-economic analysis was performed with the unit costs of the components used in the medium and ethanol. Medium-based process economic feasibility proved carob extract-based Medium E and subsequently Medium D as most economical for ethanol production. The present study verified the potential of carob extract-based medium for increased economical production of ethanol. In conclusion, the ethanol production in a biofilm reactor is growth-associated since α (gP/gX) was greater than β (gP/gX.h) and Media D and E increased the economic production of carob extract-based ethanol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2121
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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