For development and integration of Si nanowires into nanoelectronic devices, an understanding of Ni silicide formation in electrical contacts to Si nanowires is necessary. Here, we examine the kinetics of Ni silicide phase formation. For Si nanowires with  growth directions, NiSi2 is the only phase to form in the temperature range 400-550 °C, and the NiSi2 growth exhibits linear kinetics from 400 to 500 °C with an activation energy of 0.76 ± 0.10 eV. In the case of Si nanowires with  growth directions, growth of the θ-Ni2Si phase in contact with the Si nanowire occurs with parabolic kinetics over the temperature range 400-550 °C, and an activation energy of 1.45 ± 0.07 eV/atom is extracted. Differences in the growth rates for Ni silicide phases with different SiNW growth directions implies that for simultaneous preparation of SiNW devices with Ni silicide contacts, SiNWs with the same growth direction are necessary.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering