Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. Ultraviolet-B (UVB) irradiation is the primary carcinogen responsible for stimulating NMSC development. Ornithine Decarboxylase (ODC), the first rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of polyamines, is upregulated in response to a variety of proliferation stimuli, including UVB exposure. Our previous studies have demonstrated regulation of ODC synthesis by the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) in cells transformed by oncogenic Ras. The goal of these studies was to better understand the link between mTORC1 and ODC in nontransformed cells treated with UVB. We show that the ablation of mTORC1 activity by conditional knockout of its essential component Raptor led to decreased levels of ODC protein both before and after exposure to 10 mJ/cm2 UVB. Moreover, ODC mRNA was destabilized in the absence of Raptor, suggesting post-transcriptional regulation. We have previously shown that the ODC transcript is stabilized by the RNA binding protein (RBP) human antigen R (HuR), and the intracellular localization of HuR responds to changes in mTORC1 activity. To expand these studies, we investigated whether HuR functions to regulate ODC mRNA stability after UVB exposure. Our results show an increased localization of HuR to the cytoplasm after UVB exposure in wild-type cells compared to Raptor knockout cells, and this is accompanied by greater association of HuR with the ODC transcript. These data suggest that the localization of HuR in response to UVB is influenced, at least in part, by mTORC1 and that HuR can bind to and stabilize ODC mRNA after UVB exposure in an mTORC1-dependent manner.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - Nov 10 2018
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology