Koopman-based approach to nonintrusive reduced order modeling: Application to aerodynamic shape optimization and uncertainty propagation

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Abstract

A methodology for nonintrusive projection-based nonlinear model reduction originally presented by Renganathan et al. (“Koopman-Based Approach to Nonintrusive Projection-Based Reduced-Order Modeling with Black-Box High-Fidelity Models”, AIAA Journal, Vol. 56, No. 10, 2018, pp 4087-4111) is further extended toward parametric systems with a focus on application to aerospace design. Specifically, the method is extended to address static systems with parametric geometry (that deforms the mesh) in addition to parametric freestream boundary conditions. The main idea is to first perform a transformation on the governing equations such that it is lifted to a higher-dimensional but linear underdetermined system. This enables one to extract the system matrices easily as compared to that of the original nonlinear system. The underdetermined system is closed with a set of modeldependent nonlinear constraints upon which the model reduction is finally performed. The methodology is validated on the subsonic and transonic inviscid flows past the NACA0012 and the RAE2822 airfoils with parametrized shapes. The utility of the approach is further demonstrated by applying it to two common problems in aerospace design, namely, derivative-free global optimization and parametric uncertainty quantification with Monte Carlo sampling. Overall, the methodology is shown to achieve accuracy up to5%and computational speedup of two to three orders of magnitude relative to the full order model. Comparison against another nonintrusive model reduction method revealed that the proposed approach is more robust, accurate, and retains the consistency between the state variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2221-2235
Number of pages15
JournalAIAA journal
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

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