Muscle afferent nerve-activated reflex sympathetic nervous and blood pressure responses are exaggerated during exercise in peripheral artery diseases (PAD). However, the precise signaling pathways and molecular mediators responsible for these abnormal autonomic responses in PAD are poorly understood. Our previous study suggests that A-type voltage-gated K+ (KV4) channels regulate the excitability in muscle dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of PAD rats; however, it is still lacking regarding the effects of PAD on characteristics of KV4 currents and engagement of bradykinin (BK) subtype receptors. Thus, we examined KV4 currents in two distinct muscle DRG neurons, namely isolectin B4-positive and B4-negative (IB4+ and IB4-) DRG neurons. IB4+ neurons express receptors for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), whereas IB4- DRG neurons are depending on nerve growth factors for survival. Our data showed that current density in muscle DRG neurons of PAD rats was decreased and this particularly appeared in IB4+ DRG neurons as compared with IB4- DRG neurons. We also showed that stimulation of BK B1 and B2 receptors led to a greater inhibitory effect on KV4 currents in IB4+ muscle DRG neurons and siRNA knockdown of KV4 subunit KV4.3 decreased the activity of KV4 currents in IB4+ DRG neurons. In conclusion, our data suggest that limb ischemia and/or ischemia-induced BK inhibit activity of KV4 channels in a subpopulation of the thin fiber muscle afferent neurons depending on GDNF, which is likely a part of signaling pathways involved in the exaggerated blood pressure response during activation of muscle afferent nerves in PAD.
|American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
|Published - Nov 1 2022
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine