BACKGROUND: There is debate regarding the utility of diverting loop ileostomy with IPAA construction in patients requiring colectomy for ulcerative colitis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether the omission of diverting loop ileostomy at the time of IPAA construction increases the risk of complications. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in a high-volume, quaternary referral center with an IBD program. PATIENTS: The patients, who underwent IPAA with or without ileostomy, were diagnosed for ulcerative colitis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anastomotic leak rate and pouch failure rates were determined between patients who either had a diverting ileostomy at the time of IPAA creation or had stoma-less IPAA. RESULTS: Of the 414 patients included in this study, 91 had stoma-less IPAA. When compared to IPAA with diverting loop ileostomy, patients with stoma-less IPAA were less likely to be taking prednisone and had decreased blood loss. Short- and long-term outcomes were similar when comparing stoma-less IPAA and IPAA with diverting loop ileostomy, with no significant difference in anastomotic leak rate and long-term pouch failure rates. Diverting loop ileostomy was associated with a 14.6% risk of complication at the time of stoma reversal. LIMITATIONS: The study is limited by its retrospective nature. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the omission of a diverting ileostomy is feasible in select patients undergoing IPAA. Stoma-less IPAA does not have a statistically significant higher risk of anastomotic leak or pouch failure when compared to IPAA with diverting loop ileostomy in properly selected patients. Diverting loop ileostomies have their own risks, which partially offset their perceived safety.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Stoma-less IPAA Is Not Associated with Increased Anastomotic Leak Rate or Long-term Pouch Failure in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
|Number of pages
|Diseases of the colon and rectum
|Published - Nov 1 2022
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine