Labor intensive: Workplace bullying, union membership, and unrealized civil rights for people of color

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A recent study considered the extent of workplace bullying in four-year colleges and universities (Hollis, 2015a). However, as 60% of all community college employees (faculty and staff) are represented by collective bargaining (Berry, Savarese, & Boris, 2012), no studies consider the impact of labor unions on the extent of workplace bullying at community colleges and the impact on people of color in labor unions. Guided by a theory on social responsibility espoused by Dawkins (2010), this study considered a sample of 142 community colleges through a correlation analysis to reveal that 67% of those who belong to unions are subject to workplace bullying, 3% higher than the general population reporting their experiences in relationship to workplace bullying at community colleges. Further, 76% of people of color in unions also are affected by workplace bullying in community colleges. In contrast, 68% of people of color not in unions are affected by bullying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiversity in Higher Education
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages19
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameDiversity in Higher Education
ISSN (Print)1479-3644

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

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