Large enhancement of the electrocaloric effect in PLZT ceramics prepared by hot-pressing

Guangzu Zhang, Zhibiao Chen, Baoyan Fan, Jianguo Liu, Mo Chen, Meng Shen, Pin Liu, Yike Zeng, Shenglin Jiang, Qing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


In this contribution, we demonstrate the optimization of the microstructures of the Pb0.85La0.1(Zr0.65Ti0.35)O3 (PLZT) relaxor ferroelectric ceramics and subsequent enhancements in their polarization and electrical resistivity by using a hot-pressing process. The resulting superior breakdown strength of hot-pressed PLZT enables the application of high electric field to induce a giant electrocaloric effect, in which the adiabatic change of temperature (ΔT) and the isothermal change of entropy (ΔS) are around 2 times greater than those of the samples prepared by the conventional sintering approach using muffle furnace. Moreover, the addition of extra PbO to make up the loss of Pb in the high-temperature sintering leads to the further improvements in the phase composition and electrical properties of PLZT, due to inhibition of the pyrochlore phase formation. The relationship among the sintering conditions, the content of excess PbO, and the microstructure as well as the electrical characteristics of PLZT have been investigated in a systematic manner. This work provides a facile approach to enhanced electrocaloric effect in bulk ceramics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064103
JournalAPL Materials
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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