Laser direct writing of carbonaceous sensors on cardboard for human health and indoor environment monitoring

Kuan Ju, Yang Gao, Ting Xiao, Cunjiang Yu, Jianpin Tan, Fuzhen Xuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Paper-based sensing platforms hold promise in human physiological health monitoring, soft robots, and indoor environment monitoring, owing to their cost effectiveness, flexibility, disposability, and biodegradability. However, most of the existing paper-based sensors require complex fabrication procedures which are also associated with high-cost. Herein, we report a simple yet effective manufacturing process of paper-based carbonaceous sensors based on a laser direct writing (LDW) method. Specifically, carbonaceous pressure, temperature, and humidity sensors on cardboard are developed for human physiological signal monitoring and indoor environment monitoring. Due to the external force induced compaction of the layered carbon flakes, the LDW pressure sensor array has a sensitivity of ∼−0.563 kPa−1, a broad sensing range (0.009-50 kPa), and a high mechanical durability (over 11 000 cycles), all of which are promising for human health monitoring. The LDW-temperature and humidity devices have sensitivities of −0.002/°C and 36.75 fF per %RH, respectively. A prototype is developed using cardboard integrated with temperature and humidity sensors, which not only serves as an ornament to decorate homes but also works as a sensor platform for indoor environment monitoring. Systematic investigation of the LDW manufacturing process, sensing mechanisms, and sensor design and evaluation illustrates the key aspects of carbonaceous sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18694-18703
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number32
StatePublished - May 18 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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