Laser-induced incandescence: Excitation intensity

Randall L. Vander Wal, Kirk A. Jensen

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Assumptions of theoretical laser-induced incandescence (LII) models along with possible effects of highintensity laser light on soot aggregates and the constituent primary particles are discussed in relation to selection of excitation laser fluence. Ex situ visualization of laser-heated soot by use of transmission electron microscopy reveals significant morphological changes (graphitization) induced by pulsed laser heating. Pulsed laser transmission measurements within a premixed laminar sooting flame suggest that soot vaporization occurs for laser fluences greater than 0.5 J/cm2 at 1064 nm. Radial LII intensity profiles at different axial heights in a laminar ethylene gas jet diffusion flame reveal a wide range of signal levels depending on the laser fluence that is varied over an eight fold range. Results of doublepulse excitation experiments in which a second laser pulse heats in situ the same soot that was heated by a prior laser pulse are detailed. These two-pulse measurements suggest varying degrees of soot structural change for fluences below and above a vaporization threshold of 0.5 J/cm2 at 1064 nm. Normalization of the radial-resolved LII signals based on integrated intensities, however, yields selfsimilar profiles. The self-similarity suggests robustness of LII for accurate relative measurement of soot volume fraction despite the morphological changes induced in the soot, variations in soot aggregate and primary particle size, and local gas temperature. Comparison of LII intensity profiles with soot volume fractions (fv) derived by light extinction validates LII for quantitative determination of fv upon calibration for laser fluences ranging from 0.09 to 0.73 J/cm2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1607-1616
Number of pages10
JournalApplied optics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 20 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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