Layer-by-layer self-assembly strategy for template synthesis of nanoscale devices

N. I. Kovtyukhova, B. R. Martin, J. K.N. Mbindyo, T. E. Mallouk, M. Cabassi, T. S. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


A combined membrane replication/layer-by-layer synthetic approach to preparing nanoscale rod-shaped rectifiers is described. Alumina and polycarbonate (PC) membranes (pore diameters 200, 100 and 70 nm) were used as templates for the electrochemical preparation of free-standing Au nanowires several microns in length. Wet layer-by-layer self-assembly of nanoparticle (TiO2 or ZnO)/polymer multilayer films was performed inside the membrane pores in two ways. (1) Growing the film between metal electrodeposition steps to give in-wire junctions; (2) first coating the membrane walls with multilayer films, and then growing nanowires inside the resulting tubules to give concentric structures. TiO2/PSS, ZnO/PSS (PSS=polystyrenesulfonate) and ZnO/PAN (PAN= polyaniline) assembly was driven by electrostatic and covalent-coordination interactions, respectively. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of nanowires containing semiconductor nanoparticles show current rectifying behavior. Current rectification appears to arise at the oxide semiconductor-metal interface. Switching behavior and hysteresis, which was found in all devices, was particularly evident in junctions containing anionic PSS and cationic TiO2 particles, and less evident in ZnO-containing devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-262
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 2 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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