Levelized cost of energy for a Backward Bent Duct Buoy

Diana Bull, D. Scott Jenne, Christopher S. Smith, Andrea E. Copping, Guild Copeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The Reference Model Project, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, was developed to provide publically available technical and economic benchmarks for a variety of marine energy converters. The methodology to achieve these benchmarks is to develop public domain designs that incorporate power performance estimates, structural models, anchor and mooring designs, power conversion chain designs, and estimates of the operations and maintenance, installation, and environmental permitting required. The reference model designs are intended to be conservative, robust, and experimentally verified. The Backward Bent Duct Buoy (BBDB) presented in this paper is one of three wave energy conversion devices studied within the Reference Model Project. Comprehensive modeling of the BBDB in a Northern California climate has enabled a full levelized cost of energy (LCOE) analysis to be completed on this device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-234
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Marine Energy
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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