Postoperative opioid prescribing has historically lacked information critical to balancing the pain control needs of the individual patient with our professional responsibility to judiciously prescribe these high-risk medications. This data evaluates pain control, satisfaction with pain control, and opioid utilization among patients undergoing isolated mid-urethral sling (MUS) randomized to one of two different opioid prescribing regimens. This study was registered on clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04277975). Women undergoing isolated MUS by a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery physician at a Penn State Health hospital from June 1, 2020 to November 22, 2021 were offered enrollment into this prospective, randomized, open-label, non-inferiority clinical trial. Participants gave informed consent and were enrolled by a member of the study team. Allocation was concealed to patient and study personnel until randomization on the day of surgery. Preoperatively, all participants completed baseline demographic and pain surveys including CSI-9, PCS, and Likert pain score (scale 0-10). Participants were randomized to either receive a standard prescription of ten 5 mg tablets oxycodone provided preoperatively (standard) or opioid prescription provided only upon patient request postoperatively (restricted). Randomization was performed by the study team surgeon using the REDCap randomization module on the day of surgery. Following MUS, subjects completed a daily diary for 1 week, i.e., postoperative day (POD) 0 through 7. Within the dairy, subjects provided the following information: average daily pain score, opioid use and amount of opioid utilized, other forms of pain management, satisfaction with pain control, perception of the amount of opioid prescribed, and need for pain management hospital/clinic visits. The online Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) was queried for all patients to determine if prescriptions for opioids were filled during the postoperative period. The primary outcome was average postoperative day 1 pain score and an a priori determined margin of non-inferiority was set at 2 points. Secondary outcomes included whether subject filled an opioid prescription (indicated by the online PDMP), opioid use (yes/no), satisfaction with pain control (on a scale of 1= “much worse” to 5= “much better” than expected), and how subjects felt about the amount of opioid prescribed (on a scale of 1=“prescribed far more” to 3=“prescribed the right amount” to 5=“prescribed far less” opioid than needed). 82 participants underwent isolated MUS placement and met inclusion criteria; 40 were randomized to the standard arm and 42 to the restricted group. Within this manuscript, we detail the data obtained from this randomized clinical trial and the methods utilized.
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