Life style behavioral factors and integrative successful aging among puerto ricans living in the Mainland United States

Michelle A. Lee-Bravatti, H. June O'Neill, Renee C. Wurth, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Xiang Gao, Luis M. Falcon, Katherine L. Tucker, Josiemer Mattei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Few studies have assessed multidimensional models for predicting successful aging that incorporate both physical and cognitive-psychosocial elements among minority populations. This study aimed to establish a comprehensive lifestyle behavioral factors (cLBF) score and an integrative successful aging (ISA) score and explore their associations among older Puerto Rican adults. Methods: Data were assessed from 889 adults (45-75 years) participating in the longitudinal (baseline and 2-year follow-up) Boston Puerto Rican Health Study. Higher cLBF score (range 0-10) indicates healthier behaviors (nonsmoking, lack of sedentarism, physical activity, high diet quality, and adequate sleep). The physical domain score of ISA included 8 components (functional impairment, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, arthritis, osteoporosis) and ranged 0-11. The cognitive-psychosocial domain of ISA included 5 components (cognitive impairment, depressive symptoms, social support, perceived stress, and self-rated health) and ranged 0-10. The sum of both domains comprised the ISA score, ranging 0-21. Higher scores of ISA and its domains indicate more successful aging. Results: At 2 years, the mean ± SD of cLBF score was 4.9 ± 1.8, and ISA was 10.1 ± 3.3. In multivariable-adjusted models, cLBF score was significantly and positively associated with 2-year change in overall ISA (β [95% CI]: 0.15 [0.07, 0.24] points), in physical domain (0.09 [0.04, 0.13] points), and in cognitive-psychosocial domain (0.08 [0.02, 0.14] points). Conclusions: Maintaining healthier lifestyle behaviors may contribute to successful aging through both physical and cognitive-psychosocial domains. The results support using a multidimensional definition of successful aging in Puerto Ricans and evaluating it in other populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1108-1116
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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