As smart surveillance has become popular in today's smart cities, millions of closed circuit television cameras are ubiquitously deployed that collect huge amount of visual information. All these raw visual data are often transported over a public network to distant video analytic centres. This increases the risk of interception and the spill of individuals' information into the wider cyberspace that risks privacy breaches. The edge computing paradigm allows the enforcement of privacy protection mechanisms at the point where the video frames are created. Nonetheless, existing cryptographic schemes are computationally unaffordable at the resource-constrained network edge. Based on chaotic methods, three lightweight end-to-end privacy-protection mechanisms are proposed: (1) a novel lightweight Sine-cosine Chaotic Map, which is a robust and efficient solution for enciphering frames at edge cameras; (2) Dynamic Chaotic Image Enciphering scheme that can run in real time at the edge; (3) a lightweight Regions of Interest Masking scheme that ensures the privacy of sensitive attributes like face on video frames. Design rationales are discussed and extensive experimental analyses substantiate the feasibility and security of the proposed schemes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Urban Studies
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Artificial Intelligence