Linking first-principles energetics to CALPHAD: An application to thermodynamic modeling of the Al-Ca binary system

Koray Ozturk, Yu Zhong, Long Qing Chen, C. Wolverton, Jorge O. Sofo, Zi Kui Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


First-principles (FP) energetics of both the constituent elements and the compounds in the Al-Ca binary system are used in the CALPHAD (CALculation of PHase Diagrams) approach of thermodynamic modeling. First-principles calculations are performed using both an all-electron full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method, as well as an ultrasoft pseudopotential/plane wave method. We perform calculations of T = 0 ground state total energies of the pure Al and Ca in fcc, bcc, and hcp structures, and the binary compounds in their observed crystal structures. Al4Ca, Al14Ca13, and Al3Ca8 are modeled in CALPHAD as simple stoichiometric compounds; however, the Laves C15 compound, Al2Ca, is modeled using two sublattices (Al,Ca 2(Al,Ca)1, necessitating first-principles energies of both the stable Al2Ca compound as well as the three nonstable Al2Al, AlCa2, and Ca2Ca compounds. From these total energies, we obtain the formation enthalpies of all the binary compounds that are then used to assist in evaluating the Gibbs energy functions for the individual phases. The entropy contribution in the Gibbs energy function for each individual compound is obtained via the observed equilibria with the liquid phase. We provide a complete thermodynamic description of the Al-Ca binary system, evaluated by this combined CALPHAD-FP approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume36 A
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Linking first-principles energetics to CALPHAD: An application to thermodynamic modeling of the Al-Ca binary system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this