Listeners' impressions of normal-hearing and hearing-impaired children

Gordon W. Blood, Ingrid M. Blood, Jeffrey L. Danhauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


This study investigated the relationship between speech of hearing-impaired children and listeners' ratings of the speakers' intelligence, achievement, personality, and appearance as a function of whether or not speakers wore hearing aids. Stimuli consisted of (1) tape-recorded speech samples of 12 speakers (4 normal hearing, 4 hard of hearing, and 4 deaf) and (2) two photographic slides of each speaker-one depicting him wearing a hearing aid and another depicting him not wearing a hearing aid. Listeners used a semantic differential scale to rate the stimuli. Analysis shows that there is a systematic increase in "less desirable" ratings with severity of hearing loss and that responses are more negative when the speaker wore a hearing aid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-518
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1978

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • LPN and LVN
  • Speech and Hearing


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