Literacy Clinics During COVID-19: Voices that Envision the Future

Barbara Laster, Melinda Butler, Rachael Waller, Sheri Vasinda, Mary Hoch, Pelusa Orellana, Joan Rhodes, Theresa Deeney, D. Beth Scott, Tiffany Gallagher, Leslie Cavendish, Tammy Milby, Rebecca Rogers, Tracy Johnson, Shadrack Msengi, Cheryl Dozier, Shelly Huggins, Debra Gurvitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The resiliency of literacy clinics was tested during 2020–2021, as many pivoted from in-person (F2F) to online or 3-way remote learning because of the COVID-19 pandemic. University-based literacy clinics advance teacher education, provide services to K-12 students who may need instructional support, and are a laboratory for research. The purpose of the study was to examine modifications in literacy instruction and assessment as a consequence of the changes in modality. Participants (n = 58) were literacy clinic directors/instructors from multiple states and countries. Data were analyzed in three phases: researchers individually coded; multiple teams cross-checked; a macro team collated across themes. Alterations during the pandemic involved place, time, types of texts, innovative instructional tools, and new ways of operationalizing literacy assessment and instruction. Some clinics used technology to transform instruction and innovate, while for others the goal was to replicate existing practices. Teachers, students in the context of their families, and teacher educators demonstrated resiliency, resourcefulness, and creativity in the face of interruptions and stress. Findings, viewed through the lens of the TPACK framework, can help us understand how transformations in instruction and assessment affect literacy learning not only in the context of clinics, but in school classrooms as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-179
Number of pages25
JournalLiteracy Research and Instruction
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language


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