Lithium Iron Phosphate Superbattery for Mass-Market Electric Vehicles

Jie Liao, Ryan S. Longchamps, Brian D. McCarthy, Feifei Shi, Chao Yang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Narrow operating temperature range and low charge rates are two obstacles limiting LiFePO4-based batteries as superb batteries for mass-market electric vehicles. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that a 168.4 Wh/kg LiFePO4/graphite cell can operate in a broad temperature range through self-heating cell design and using electrolytes containing LiFSI. Remarkable high-temperature stability with 6100 h of cycle life was achieved at 60 °C. With self-heating, the cell can deliver an energy and power density of 90.2 Wh/kg and 1227 W/kg, respectively, even at an ultralow temperature of −50 °C, compared to almost no performance for cells without self-heating. The heating process took 164 s and only 0.161% of the cell energy per degree of temperature rise. Fast charging at a 6C rate was achieved at all ambient temperatures. The total preheating and charging time was less than 12 min, and the cell finished 2500 cycles of 6C charging while still retaining 81.3% capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-778
Number of pages8
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 8 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

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